Nursery II

Ages: 1½ years to 2 ½ years Child/Staff Ratio: 5 or 6:1 NC Regulation: 6:1

We have a five day program in our nursery for children ages 1½ to 2½ years old with hours from 7:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.

Nursery II curriculum provide a caring atmosphere, assuring daily routines, stimulating activities that provides toddlers with a sense of safety and security. They learn thru play, teacher assist with activities, and a lot of repetitions. Teachers provide opportunities for development of small and large motor skills and organize play activities to build concepts, listening skills, and develop socially and emotionally skills.

  • Reading aloud to children helps to develop receptive language, builds imagination, and lays a foundation for literacy. Teachers provide toddlers with point and read books and repeat sounds and rhymes, have clear pictures of familiar objects, and read simple stories with predictable plots that it expands children’s vocabulary.
  • The children also participate in songs, fingerplays, and rhymes that build phonemic awareness. Each day, teachers plan these activities for the children to explore in art, blocks, and dramatic play. The goal is to develop each child’s sense of security and encourage and promote social and cognitive development.
  • Every day, teachers provide you with a daily report on your child’s development and daily activities. We include eating, sleeping, diapering schedules, and information on activities/special moments during the day. Each month you will receive a parent newsletter that contains your child’s classroom news and to keep you informed of school events.

Toilet Learning:

Toilet learning is an important part of early childhood education. Making the change from diaper to underwear can be very challenging. It is hopeless to make an attempt to start toilet learning before a child is able to express her or his interest of in using the toilet. Toilet learning usually happens between 1 ½ and 2 ½ years. Most children are toilet trained by age three: however, there are exceptions depending on each individual’s physical developmental level. When a child is ready for toileting learning, it is very important to keep close communication between parents, teachers or caregivers. Children’s willingness and parents’ wishes will guide teachers as they assist children in accomplishing this developmental task. The following are some tips to keep in mind when toilet learning:

  • Be prepared: toilet learning age is anywhere from eighteen months to three years old, usually for girls are around two years old and later for boys.
  • Be consistent: parents and teachers must have same goal for learning.
  • Schedule potty time: after breakfast, after center time, before and after outdoor play, lunch time and before and after nap time and whenever he or she wants, especially during the first crucial days of training.
  • Hygiene: make sure the child washes his or her hands after every time he or she goes to the bathroom as well as before meals.
  • Be patient: learning usually takes approximately two weeks to six weeks.
  • Be positive: give praise and encouragement.

Toilet Learning Readiness Signs

Your child announces when a wet or soiled diaper has occurred, and/or requests to have it changed. This shows awareness of bodily function, and also that the child dislikes the feel of a wet or soiled diaper.

  • Your child can express and understand one-word statements, including such words as “wet,” “dry,” “potty,” and “go.”
  •  Your child shows an interest in the toilet or potty-seat by asking to use the potty or wanting to watch Mommy or Daddy use it.
  • Your child has a tendency to wet or soil their diapers at about the same time period each day, and often remains dry for longer periods (2 hours or more) during some parts of the day.
  • Your child shows facial expressions when wetting or soiling their diaper and may even hide in a corner or behind the couch or squat when soiling a diaper. This again shows awareness of bodily functions.
  • Your child is able to undress without assistance to some degree. This shows the child has some off the physical coordination needed to do the work of toileting.
  •  Your child is cooperative and shows an interest in pleasing parents and caregivers.

Curriculum Objectives:

Language and Speaking Skills

  • Label items with words
  • Listen to stories
  • Utilize sign language to express themselves

Reading Skills

  • Develop interest in exploring books
  • Handling of books

Writing Skills

  • Hold crayon, pencil or marker with fist grasp or adult grasp
  • Scribble

Social and Emotional Skills

  • Become comfortable in large setting
  • Develop knowledge of others in his or her surroundings
  • Exhibit self-control
  • Follow simple rules and direction by adults
  • Develop trust of other adults

Math Skills- Number Insight

  • Classify, label and sort objects
  • Match similar objects
  • Play with pattern and sequence of order
  • Rote counting

Math Skills- Measurement

  • Compare quantities (more or less)
  • Compare area (big or small)


  • Use colors that are real and imaginary in artwork
  • Explore and create with all types of art mediums
  • Learn from the process, not the “product”


  • Use different movements (clap, stomp, pat, jump)
  • Sing, using voices that are fast or slow, loud or soft
  • Change voice to match different pitches

Science – Attitudes and Habits

  • Display a curiosity about the world
  • Understand that using senses is part of the scientific process

Science – Development of Concepts

  • Identify some body parts
  • Explore and identify senses

Science – Health

  • Observe ways to avoid germs

Science – Physical Growth

  • Play simple, non-competitive games
  • Demonstrate understanding of simple concepts ( up, down, high, low)
  • Display a sense of risk-taking
  • Balance body while doing simple stunts

Social Studies

  • Compare how clothing differs because of the changes in weather
  • Recognize that accepting responsibility and having rules is important
  • Demonstrate appropriate ways to communicate wants or needs


Daily Schedule for Nursery II

7:00am-8:30am *Open Learning Centers- Free Choice
8:30am-9:00am **Transitional Routines
9:00am-9:30am Songs/Story Time
9:30am-10:15am Outdoor Play Activities
10:15am-10:30am **Transitional Routines
10:30am-11:30am Free Choices/ Individual/Small Group/ Teacher Directed Activities to encourage developmental skills
11:30am-12:15pm **Transitional Routines/ Story Time/ Lunch/Listen to Classic Music
12:15pm-2:30pm Nap/Rest Time/Quiet Reading
2:30pm-3:00pm **Transitional Routines/Snacks
3:00pm-3:45pm Outdoor Activities
3:45pm-4:00pm **Transitional Routines/Snacks
4:00pm-4:30pm Circle Time/Teacher Directed Activity
4:30pm-6:00pm *Open Learning Centers – Free Choices/ Individual/Small Group/ Teacher Directed Activities to encourage developmental skills

*Learning Centers include blocks, dramatic play, science, music, art, sand/water, and reading
**Transitional Routines include diaper changing, potty training, hand washing, snacks, and cleanup